UK number includes "aeromed evacuations" ** Total excess deaths include all additional deaths due to increased lawlessness, degraded infrastructure, poorer healthcare, etc. However, the power vacuum following Saddam's demise and the mismanagement of the occupation led to widespread sectarian violence between Shias and Sunnis, as well as a lengthy insurgency against U. The United States responded with a troop surge in 2007. After the invasion, no substantial evidence was found to verify the initial claims about WMDs, while claims of Iraqi officials collaborating with al-Qaeda were proven false. The al-Maliki government enacted policies that were widely seen as having the effect of alienating the country's Sunni minority and worsening sectarian tensions.*** Violent deaths only – does not include excess deaths due to increased lawlessness, poorer healthcare, etc. S., joined by the United Kingdom and several coalition allies, launching a "shock and awe" bombing campaign. In the summer of 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) launched a military offensive in Northern Iraq and declared a worldwide Islamic caliphate, eliciting another military response from the United States and its allies.For the initial invasion, see 2003 invasion of Iraq.
A record of the meeting includes the question "How start? After considerable debate, the UN Security Council adopted a compromise resolution, UN Security Council Resolution 1441, which authorized the resumption of weapons inspections and promised "serious consequences" for non-compliance.
The act provided million for Iraqi "democratic opposition organizations" to "establish a program to support a transition to democracy in Iraq." One month after the passage of the Iraq Liberation Act, the US and UK launched a bombardment campaign of Iraq called Operation Desert Fox.
The campaign's express rationale was to hamper Saddam Hussein's government's ability to produce chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons, but U. intelligence personnel also hoped it would help weaken Saddam's grip on power. Bush as president in 2000, the US moved towards a more aggressive Iraq policy.
Saddam accepted the resolution on 13 November and inspectors returned to Iraq under the direction of UNMOVIC chairman Hans Blix and IAEA Director General Mohamed El Baradei.
As of February 2003, the IAEA "found no evidence or plausible indication of the revival of a nuclear weapons program in Iraq"; the IAEA concluded that certain items which could have been used in nuclear enrichment centrifuges, such as aluminum tubes, were in fact intended for other uses.
The US government engaged in an elaborate domestic public relations campaign to market the war to its citizens.