During this time, Russian society was plagued by organized crime and great instability with many people having left the country.
Russia was also at war with Chechen separatists, which were largely created out of religious fanatism funded by international terror groups.
Deposed and held under house arrest, Nicholas, Alexandra, and their children -- and with them the Romanov dynasty -- were exterminated by gunfire in the basement of a Yekaterinburg manor house and buried in unmarked graves which were found later and reburied in the Saint Paul and Peter Cathedral in Saint Petersburg.
World War I strained Imperial Russia's governmental and social institutions to the breaking point of Revolution in 1917.
Ill health and alcohol dependancy, eventually forced Yeltsin to resign, and Vladimir Putin filled his remaining term (January - April 2000) as President.
Tsar Nicholas II and his wife, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria, proved to be feckless, weak, and distracted by personal tragedies and the burdens of the war.
The government proved unable to hold back the Russian Revolutions of 1917.
An ex-Soviet security officer, and head of the revived Russian federal security service under Yeltsin, Putin inspired with his charismatic personality russian patriotism, and was able to consolidate the positive spirit of the country, however has been much condemned by the old Western countries.
Having served his constitutionally limited terms (2000-2008), Putin stepped down as President, endorsing another candidate, Dmitry Medvedev, who won the 2008 election.
Nazi Germany invaded the USSR 22nd of June 1941, having conquered most of the Western Europe.